Re: [tied] Genitive/Thematic confusion: (was: The Rise of Feminines)

From: Jens Elmegaard Rasmussen
Message: 32768
Date: 2004-05-19

On Wed, 19 May 2004, Miguel Carrasquer wrote:

> Is there a way to determine whether the o-stem was
> -o:ms or -oms?

Yes, I'd say. If *-o:ms is reflected at all that's the old form, for
analogy could easily produce *-o-ms, but hardly a form with a long vowel.
Therefore Sanskrit -a:n, -a:m.s- decides the question. I would assume the
same for Lithuanian -Ășos-ius.

> Is there a language that doesn't automatically shorten
> vowels before -Ns, and also doesn't automatically lengthen
> them?

I believe Indo-Iranian and Lithuanian qualify.