Res: [tied] Origin of *marko- (was: Hachmann versus Kossack?)

From: Joao S. Lopes
Message: 57281
Date: 2008-04-14

Any trace of a Balto-Slavic cognate of *marko-? Any *markas, mraku? How could the Central Asian word reach Western Europe without intermediary steps?

I have a suspiction that Greek Marpessa (cf. Idas and Marpessa) < *MarkW-, although her name could be also a suffix -e:ssa < *-a-ek^wya: . A link with Merope, Pleiad mother of horseman Glaukos is also possible...

JS Lopes

----- Mensagem original ----
De: Richard Wordingham <richard@...>
Enviadas: Sábado, 12 de Abril de 2008 17:28:31
Assunto: [tied] Origin of *marko- (was: Hachmann versus Kossack?)

--- In cybalist@..., "Brian M. Scott" <BMScott@... > wrote:
that Matasovic wrote of *marko-:
This word is probably a "Wanderwort" of eastern origin,
that established itself in Celtic and Germanic alongside
the inherited PIE word for 'horse', *h1ek'wos (OIr. ech).
Attempts to connect it to Skt. márya- 'youth, foal' are
not convincing (Celtic points to non-IE a-vocalism of

But *marko- is not alone in having initial *ma-. Miguel listed nine
such words, namely

*mad- 'wet, gloss, fat'
*mag^H- 'fight'
*mag^- 'press, knead'
*mand- 'hurdle, plaited twigs'
*man-us 'man'
*marko- 'horse'
*math2- 'moth'
*mat- 'hook'
*mazdo- 'pole'

back in http://tech. com/group/ cybalist/ message/18118 .

The Asian words in *mor- apparently related to *marko are another
matter - though I always liked the idea of Thai maa_453 'horse' being
one of that language's oldest Germanic loanwords!


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