From: Patrick Ryan
----- Original Message -----From: etherman23Sent: Sunday, July 17, 2005 12:14 PMSubject: [tied] Re: Short and long vowels--- In email@example.com, "Patrick Ryan" <proto-language@......>
> How the laryngealists love circles!
> What leads you to believe that the zero-grade of PIE *e:, *a:, and
*o: in Old Indian is *e, *a, and *o?
Patrick, you seemed to be a little confused. PIE *eH1, *eH2, and *eH3
become *e:, *a:, *o:. These then develope in the normal way in the
daughter languages. In the zero-grade these become simply *H1, *H2,
and *H3. Between consonants in all languages except Greek and
Indo-Iranian these become a or 0. In Indo-Iranian these become i
(sometimes 0). In Greek they become e, a, and o respectively. If
you're going to claim two non-coloring laryngeals you need an
explanation for the cases where Greek has e, a, and o, Indo-Iranian
has i, and the other languages have a or 0.
Well, if the confusion were profound enough, perhaps I would be confused about my being confused.But I do not _feel_ confused.Now, the scenario as you have it is that "PIE *eH1, *eH2, and *eH3 become *e:, *a:, *o:".I agree completely except I think we started out with *e, *a, and *o +*H (undifferentiated). But the result of the combination of a vowel and a 'laryngeal' resulted in long (double length) vowels.You then say: "These then developed in the normal way in the daughter languages."Again I agree completely.Zero-grade involved the removal of one vowel: *men- + *tó = *mNtóZero-grade with the removal of one vowel from *dhe:- /dHee/, *sta:- /staa/, and *do:- /doo/ leaves *dhe-, *sta-, and *do-.When *dheH- became *dhe:-, the 'laryngeal' sacrificed itself on the altar of length.It is no longer there to do anything or influence anything, specifically to be present in a zero-grade unless, of course, it is the third day thereafter.As a consequence, the result of shortening *dhe:- cannot involve a 'laryngeal'; it cannot be *&1, *&2, or *&3 as Miguel wishes or *H1, *H2, or *H3 as you prefer since there is _no longer_ any *H1, *H2, or *H3 in the root.As far as Indo-Iranian goes, why should avocalic *H1, *H2, or *H3 produce II *i?What happened to the renown 'coloring' qualities?For all practical purposes, one could say that all avocalic PIE *H produce II *i, could one not?A question Miguel has not yet deigned to address.