e_le_lo, refrain from maritme song in Tamil, mleccha!
From: S. Kalyanaraman
Is e_le_lo relatable to he'layo in S'atapatha Brahman.a reference to the mleccha spoken tongue? -- mleccha, meluhhan sea-faring merchants, the early attested activities of Sarasvati civilization with Mesopotamia across the Persian Gulf (Oman, Bahrain -- Magan, Dilmun)..
e_le_lo is a Classical Tamil word. Where does it come from? What are its semantics? It is related to early Prakrits of coastal regions, of sailors among ancient Tamils who lived in the coastal regions not far from Gulf of Khambat [kampat.t.am = mint (Tamil)]. Is this related to another Tamil word e_lam 'auction' where the auctioneer shouts repeatedly, not unlike the e_le_lo refrain?
The semantics of the word, helao 'to move' (Santali), and cognate semantics: �rocking to and fro� and �wave� point to sailing on high seas. This is authenticated by a Tamil lexeme: e_le_lo = a word that occurs again and again in songs sung by boatmen or others while pulling or lifting together; e_le_lan- = name of a Chola king; e_lappa_t.t.u = boatmen�s song in which the words e_lo_, e_le_lo occur again and again (Ta.lex.) This leads to a possible interpretation of some of the mlecchas, who shout, �he �lavo, he �lavo�, as �sea-farers� and is consistent with the evidence of economic texts from
Mesopotamia which point to extensive trade relations with �meluhha�, which is generally equated with the Indic civilization area.
Alfred Hillebrandt notes that the phrase he �lavo attributed to the asuras in the S�atapatha Bra_hman.a indicates that Indian enemies from the east are also included among asuras, since this phrase would be a Prakrit form from that area. (Alfred Hillebrandt, Vedische Mythologie, 3 vols., Breslau, Verlag von M. and H. Marcus, 1902, vol 2., p. 440). The following Indic etyma may explain the use of the term he �layo: halla_ = tumult, noise (P.Ku.N.B.Or.H.); halphal = shaking, undulation (A.)(CDIAL 14017). Hallana =
tossing about (Skt.); hallai � moves (Pkt.); alun = to shake (K.) ale, alaku = to shake (Ka.)(CDIAL 14003; 14918). Hillo_la = wave (Skt.); hillo_layati = swings, rocks (Dha_tup.); hilorna_ = to swing, rock to and fro (H.); hilolai = shakes (OMarw.) (CDIAL 14121). Hillo = a jerk, a shake; a push; a shock; hello = a jolting of a
carriage (G.) helao = to move, drive in (Santali).
Dr. S. Kalyanaraman
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