Re: [tied] Digest Number 1241

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 18862
Date: 2003-02-17

----- Original Message -----
From: "John L. Berry" <jlbassoc@...>
To: <>
Sent: Tuesday, February 18, 2003 1:07 AM
Subject: Re: [tied] Digest Number 1241

> Linguistic questions: (1) how close is Saami to Finnish in actual fact? The textbooks I have available are evasive on this - are the Saami dialects a different language, or are they basically Finnish dialects?

Definitely different languages. Finnish is more closely related to Estonian than either is to Saami, though they all belong to a single subbranch within Finno-Ugric (usually called "Baltic Finnic"). They probably began to diverge more than two thousand years ago.

> (2) Is Romani (can't remember the PC name - the language of the Rom or gypsies) an IE language, and if so, what are it's affinities? (obviously they would be Indo-Iranian, but within that?)

It's an Indic (Indo-Aryan) language, related to the dialects of northwestern India.

> (3) Non-linguistic question about Rom: is there anywhere else in Europe that the Rom can be shown to have arrived almost simultaneously with the first farmers?

Certainly not. They came to Europe in the fourteenth century.