From: tgpedersen@...
Message: 9057
Date: 2001-09-05

In IE, there are a lot of bh:p-l:r- with the variousest meanings.

They all have to do with "two, two sides, crossing between two
sides, cutting into two". Some, the latter, mean "split, cleave".
Given the Grimm shift IE bh:p-l:r- becomes b:f-l:r, ie. no *p-l- in
Germanic (except after s- : split, Germ- spalten).

So how come <plough> is supposed to be Germanic? Traditional wisdom
says Rus. <plug> is a Germanic loan, and it does look Low German, but
why does Germanic have two words for "plough"? (cf. Da.
<ard> "primitive wheeless plough". Also, place names show most of
Denmark was not cultivated until the 12th-13th century when Denmark
had much contact with the Wends. Was a new plough a reason behind the
Slavic expansion?