Re: [tied] aks.ara, Sanskrit; is there an IE cognate?

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 7693
Date: 2001-06-19

I think aks.ara = a-ks.ara- 'not melting away, imperishable' (opposite of ks.ara-), hence 'something permanent, record, writing', a derivative of {}, cf. ks.arati 'flows, melts away, vanishes'. The latter often regarded as related to Gk. phtheiro: 'destroy, spoil' (< *phther-jo:), phthora: 'destruction, decay, deterioration', though the semantic evolution behind these meanings is not quite clear.
The protoform would apparently be something like *gWHs-er-, maybe ultimately cognate to *gWHs-ei- (with a different "root extension") as in Skt. 'destroys, exhausts' Gk. phthin(w)o: 'decay, perish; destroy', and in the celebrated adjective (Gk. aphthito-, Skt. aks.ita-) of the poetic formula *n-gWHsitom k^lewos 'imperishable fame'.
Further cognates, anybody?
----- Original Message -----
From: S.Kalyanaraman
Sent: Tuesday, June 19, 2001 11:23 PM
Subject: [tied] aks.ara, Sanskrit; is there an IE cognate?

aks.ara = unalterable; sacrifice; sword; a letter, a vowel,
a sound, a word (Skt.)