Re: [tied] Fjall, pilis, polis...

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 7600
Date: 2001-06-12

*pls-to- is OK. Before consonant clusters, fricatives (including "laryngeals") and glides syllabic *l may go to *-al-/*-la- (rather than *-li-) in Celtic.
 
French falaise and Old Proven├žal falizon come from Frankish falisa, which indeed rules out PGmc. *fels- with secondary epenthesis in this particular word and necessitates the reconstruction *faliso:, perhaps < *pol-es-ah2. I don't quite understand this formation (with an unexpected o-grade), but at least it is not unprecedented: we have Slavic *kol-es- 'wheel' and Greek polos 'pivot', both apparently from *kWol-es-. Perhaps such forms represent a residual s-neuter paradigm (*CoC-s/*CeC-(e)s- or the like), more archaic than the productive *CeC-os/*CeC-es- type.
 
Piotr
 
 
----- Original Message -----
From: g-tegle@...
To: cybalist@yahoogroups.com
Sent: Tuesday, June 12, 2001 7:18 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Fjall, pilis, polis...


... and for the Old Irish masculine allt given by my dictionary, I assume *pls-to (*pals-to?) > *als-to.
 
Came to think of French 'falaise', how old is this loanword?