On Wed, 07 Sep 2005 03:23:45 -0700 (PDT), guto rhys
<gutorhys@...> wrote:

>How does one show the difference between dependant and independant nasalisation using the IPA?
>I'm transcribing breton words and wondering how to show the difference between e.g. 'da~nvad', with historical nasalisation [v<m] and 'ka~na' - simply co-articulation. There is often a significant and audible difference in the quality of this nasatisation which I cannot show with a simple tilde.

What is the audible difference exactly?

I'm aware of two kinds of vowel nasalization. Nasalization
throughout the vowel (as in French), or nasalization of the
final part of the vowel (as in Portuguese or Polish). There
is no standard way in IPA to distinguish between the two.

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal