*bi/be "in addition to, with, together with" (IE *-b[h]i/y, *-b[h]o; AA *ba/b@
"in, with, within, among"; Sum. bi, -bi(da)) = comitative/locative/inessive case
*da/d@ "long with, together with, in addition to" (IE *-d[h]i/e; Kart. *da;
Cush. *d@ "and"; Sum. see *bi/e above) = comitative case
*t[h]i/e "you" (IE *t[h]u/û "you", *-t[h](w)e/ê 2nd. pl. verb ending; AA
*t[h]a/@ "you") = 2nd person verbal/possessive suffix
*kw[h]ay "when, as, though, also" (PIE *kw[h]oy; AA *kw[h]ay) = conjunction,
possibly a noun case (similitative or adverbial?)
*?i/e 1) adverbial particle "to, toward, near to, hither, here" (IE *?e/o, -i
"here and now" primary verb ending; AA *?a "to, toward, in, on"; Sum. e) =
locative/allative case
*?i/e 2) proximate demonstrative particle, *?a/@ distant demonstrative particle
(IE ?e/o, ?ey/oy/i; Kart. *i-, e-; Ural. e-, Drav. a/â (distant), i/î
(proximate), Alt. i/e- (proximate) - all demonstratives) = near/far
demonstratives, possibly (?) defininte/indefinite articles, proximate/distant
3rd person...
*hay exclamation (interjection) of surprise, astonishment, grief or misfortune
(IE hey; Ural. ay(ay)-; Drav. ayya, Altaic: ay(a)) = possibly vocative? (I doubt
*nV negative/prohibitive particle, "not" (IE *ne/n./ney; Kart. nu; Egy.
n/nn/ni/ny/nw; Ural. ne; Sum. na(-), nu(-)) = negative verbal affix, abessive

I saw Glen's case reconstruction for Nostratic or a later protolanguage but I
forgot what it was like. Pat has an alternative case system for Indo-European
(much of which is tied to his Proto-Language theory). I only have more in-depth
info for IE.

BTW, does anybody know the noun declension system for Akkadian or Proto-Semitic?


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