> --- In email@example.com, "tgpedersen" <tgpedersen@> wrote:
> > > > > I suggest that Ariovistus was active in Southern Germany at
> > > > > the time, colonizing it(?).
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > GK: The known facts have him colonizing Sequaniland.
> > The Boii
> > http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boii
> > at that time lived in Bohemia or possibly in Bavaria (Baiovarii).
> > They attacked Noricum. They left Helvetia with the Helvetians.
> > Ariovistus married the sister of king Voccio of Noricum.
> > The 'Harigasti' helmet was buried in Noricum.
> > The Helvetii was constantly at war with the 'Germani', sometimes
> > on their, sometimes on their own territory.
> > Now tell me again that in all this turmoil, Ariovistus wasn't
> > involved?
> > How would he have gotten to Noricum territory without being
> > embroiled in this war between Boii and Norici and Helvetii and
> > nameless Germani?
> > I think Caesar had Ariovistus in mind all the time, since first
> > styling him friend of the Roman People. As far as he was
> > concerned, the Rhine was Ariovistus' Rubicon.
> > BTW the long inactivity on Ariovistus' part before the debacle is
> > reminiscent of Gildas' account of the hired Sxons in Britain or
> > the events up to Odoacer's deposing the last Roman emperor: the
> > Germani expect to be fed, and if they're not, there's trouble.
> > Possibly the Sequani were trying to tell Ariovistus' people their
> > services were not required any more by starving them out.
> Hm. New information.
> Appian's History of Rome
> Constantine Porphyrogenitus, The Embassies
> §14 [59 BCE] Ariovistus, the king of the Germans beyond the Rhine,
> had crossed to this side before Caesar's arrival and made war
> against the Aedui, who were friends of the Romans. But when the
> Romans commanded him to desist, he had obeyed and moved away from
> Aedui and had desired to be accounted a friend of the Roman people
> also, and this was granted, Caesar being consul and voting for it.
> §15 [58 BCE] Ariovistus, the king of the Germans, who had been
> voted a friend of the Roman people, came to Caesar to have a
> colloquy. After they had separated he wished to have another.
> Caesar refused it, but sent some of the leading men of the Gauls to
> meet him. Ariovistus cast them in chains, wherefore Caesar
> threatened him and made war on him, but fear fell upon the army on
> account of the military reputation of the Germans.
> DBG 6, 24
> 'And there was formerly a time when the Gauls excelled the Germans
> in prowess, and waged war on them offensively, and, on account of
> the great number of their people and the insufficiency of their
> land, sent colonies over the Rhine. Accordingly, the Volcae
> Tectosages seized on those parts of Germany which are the most
> fruitful [and lie] around the Hercynian forest (which, I perceive,
> was known by report to Eratosthenes and some other Greeks, and
> which they call Orcynia) and settled there. Which nation to this
> time retains its position in those settlements, and has a very high
> character for justice and military merit: now also they continue in
> the same scarcity, indigence, hardihood, as the Germans, and use
> the same food and dress; but their proximity to the Province and
> knowledge of commodities from countries beyond the sea supplies to
> the Gauls many things tending to luxury as well as civilization.
> Accustomed by degrees to be overmatched and worsted in many
> engagements, they do not even compare themselves to the Germans in