Res: [tied] Greek hippos: anomaly?

From: Joao S. Lopes
Message: 49969
Date: 2007-09-18

ekwos > hippos? Should be anomalous? We should expect *epos, *eppos, *ekkos.. pisyres maybe < zero grade *kWtures> *psyres > *p(i)syres.
Or came from another IE para-greek adstratum or substratum? Note that Greek lykos < *lukWos, instead of *wlkWos (> *halpos, *lapos). And kolpos "gulf" < *gWolbHwos? ANother para-Greek words?

Joao SL

----- Mensagem original ----
De: Piotr Gasiorowski <gpiotr@...>
Enviadas: Segunda-feira, 17 de Setembro de 2007 19:37:30
Assunto: Re: [tied] Renfrew's theory renamed as Vasco-Caucasian

On 2007-09-17 23:56, tgpedersen wrote:

> Isn't the latter supposed to be a loan (ultimately derivable from a
> biliteral *p-l- which occurs with many third consonats in Afrasian
> too)?

I quote it only to illustrate a Greek sound change. It's old enough to
behave like a native word in Greek, whatever its ultimate source.

> And what of PIE *e- > Greek hi-?

The aspiration is late and doesn't appear e.g. in compound names like
Leukippos (never "Leukhippos" ). I have no idea where it came from. Some
kind of hypercorrection, perhaps? As for the /i/, there are some similar
cases like Hom. písures < *kWétwores (here also we have a cluster
involving *w).

> And the fact that *ekw-o- is
> thematic?

Many perfectly native IE nouns are thematic. What's your point?


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