Re: [tied] Unexpected *-dh-

From: Miguel Carrasquer
Message: 45072
Date: 2006-06-23

On Fri, 23 Jun 2006 08:20:55 +0000, tgpedersen
<tgpedersen@...> wrote:

>Stang (Slav.-Balt.-Germ. lexikaische Übereinstimmungen) compares
>veldéti/vlasti/waldan with Lat. vale:re, adding: "Ich bin daher
>geneigt, ein balt.-slav.-germ. Präsens mit dh-rweiterung aufzustellen".
>Elsewhere he doesn't know how to account for the -d- in Slavic id- "go".
>I was wondering if the *-dh- was due to a back-formation from an
>imperative in *-dhi? So, (Russian) idú from idí?

That's the usual (and correct) explanation. The infinitive
is still based on *h1ei- (h1ei-téi > ití), the present on
imperative i-dhí (idhé- > jIdé-). Cf. also the other
de-verbs jêde- (inf. jê-xa-ti, or jê-ti) "ride", klade- "put
down", krade- "steal".

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal