[tied] Re: Retroflex Consonants in P.I.E.

From: david_russell_watson
Message: 37813
Date: 2005-05-12

--- In cybalist@yahoogroups.com, "alex" <alxmoeller@...> wrote:
> what did happen in the Satem languages with the "c^" and
> "g^" in the clusters which contained liquids and mesals?
> (c^n, c^m, g^n, g^m, c^r, c^l, g^r, g^l)

The following Sanskrit examples indicate that the affricates
didn't become fricatives in these clusters at the Proto-
Satem stage:

s^nath- "to pierce"
pras^na- "question"
as^man "stone"
yajn^a- "act of worship"
ajman "career, passage, battle"
as^ru "tear"
s^loka- "sound, noise"
vajra- some sort of weapon
(Looking briefly and only in Sanskrit I could locate no form
in 'jl')

Note however, that where Sanskrit has 'pras^na-', Avestan
has 'fras^na-', which should come from a Proto-Indo-Iranian
*fras^na-, not *frac^na-, but which need not ascend to Proto-