Re: [tied] PIE Stop System

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 25806
Date: 2003-09-14

14-09-03 01:06, Sergejus Tarasovas wrote:

>> *xanapiz, to be precise
> I cited after J. Voyles's _Early Germanic Grammar. Pre-, Proto-, and
> Post-Germanic Languages_ ("First, the best indicator for dating the
> 1ST SS is the attestation in several Gmc. languages of the word
> for 'hemp', namely OI <hampr>, OE <hænep> and OHG <hanaf>. Its Gmc.
> antecedent was probably the masc. a-class *hanapaz."). It seems he
> doesn't know his Proto-Germanic, does he?

Well, he ought to have mentioned i-umlauted forms like Dutch hennep and
OE henep ~ hænep, which point to *xanVpi-. An intervening unstressed
syllable could easily inhibit iterative i-umlaut, so the umlautless
forms don't really prove anything either way. Of course, whatever the
declension, it's a pre-Grimm borrowing.