Re: [tied] Does Koenraad Elst Meet =?UNKNOWN?Q?Hock=B4s?= Challenge?

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 17074
Date: 2002-12-09

----- Original Message -----
From: "Miguel Carrasquer" <mcv@...>
To: <>
Sent: Monday, December 09, 2002 2:39 AM
Subject: Re: [tied] Does Koenraad Elst Meet HockĀ“s Challenge?

> >Within the IE family, we find
> >isoglosses in languages which take or took
> >geographically neighbouring positions, e.g. in a
> >straight Greece-to-India belt, the Greek, Armenian,
> >Iranian and some Indo-Aryan languages, we see the
> >shift s > h (e.g. Latin septem corresponding to Greek
> >hepta, Iranian hafta).
> The change also occurs in Brythonic Celtic. The development s- > h-
> is so common that it has little value as a marker of joint innovation.

Also, it operated in somewhat different contexts and sometimes yielded different results in Iranian, Armenian and Greek. For example, *sn survived in Iranian but was lenited (> *hn > *n) in Greek; final *-s was lenited in Iranian but not in Greek; *s in the RUKI context became (unlenited) *s^ in Iranian, while in Greek RUKI had no effect on the behaviour of *s.