Re: [tied] Eagle and salt

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 16912
Date: 2002-11-28

----- Original Message -----
From: João Simões Lopes Filho
Sent: Thursday, November 28, 2002 1:04 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Eagle and salt

> How salt and sweet (sladuku) can be cognates?

Formally, there's no problem at all: OCS sladUkU, Pol. slodki, etc. < *sold-U-k-U, cf. also Lith. saldus, Latv. salds, so that Proto-BSl. *sald-u- 'sweet' is a secure reconstruction. There's only the semantic problem of non-matching tastes ('sweet' can be opposed to 'salty'), but at least we are dealing with two words from the same (gustatory) field, and since 'to salt' can be understood as 'to improve the taste of', there's a possible area of semantic overlap with 'to sweeten'. There are few traces of PIE *swah2d-u- 'tasty, sweet, pleasant' in Baltic, but these seem to include Lith. (pa-)su:dyti, meaning, of all things, 'to salt' and su:dytas 'salted, soused, pickled', words that show semantic development in the other direction.