Re: [tied] Sardinia

From: Antonio Sciarretta
Message: 16297
Date: 2002-10-16

Don't forget the connection with Sardis, the capital of Lydia. This well-known similarity has been used to support the theory of the Sardians as the predecessors of the Etruscans coming from Lydia as reported by Herodot.
Another connection is with the dynasty of the Heraclids, which is reported to have ruled Lydia before the historical dinasty of Gyges. The Sardus Pater, the eponym god of the Sardians, like its Punic counterpart, was considered a son of Hercules/Melqart.
Just for curiosity, Tharros has been recently equated to Tarshish = Tartessus. Actually, a mention of T.r.s.s. or something similar has been found in an inscription in Sardinia, but normally it is believed to be referred to a Spanish Tartessus. There is more to say about it...


At 21:09 15.10.2002 +0200, you wrote:
It's first attested on a Phoenician stele from the 9th c. BC (<s^rdn>). The autochthonous population at that time were the Sards (Gk. Sardoi, Lat. Sardi), believed to be the creators of the Nuraghic culture (named for the characteristic massive towers in the form of a truncated cone, called the nuraghi/nuraxi). The Nuraghic culture began about 1600 BC, and it has been suggested that the Sards were one of the Sea Peoples (the <s^rdn.w> "Shardana" of the Egyptian sources), but too little is known of their language to classify it anywhere. The Greeks called the island Sardo (<sardo:>, treated either as an -oi- stem, gen. <sardoos, -ous>, dat. <sardoi>, or a nasal stem <sardon->). The Romans called it Sardinia, of course. They seized it in 238 BC and made it a Roman province, eventually extinguishing Sard resistance and driving the pre-Roman Sard language (which had survived the Carthaginian occupation of the island) to extinction.
----- Original Message -----
From: alexmoeller@...
Sent: Tuesday, October 15, 2002 6:29 PM
Subject: [tied] Sardinia

I have tried to find out when appeared the word "Sardinia" in the written sources for first time but I could not find anything.
Is there a known ethymology of it?

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