Dear Mr(s) cj.
Your question is relly what am I interested
Actually, there are three (and in my opinion
4 or even 5) versions of M(odern) P(ersian) -- Farsi of Iran, Dari of
Afghanistan and Tajiki of (naturally) Tajikistan. (on my own point
of view later), the first two preserve slightly modified Arabic script,
while the third for last 60 years -- Russian Cyrillic, enriched with 5
special sighns. They all are called to be different languages (every country of
these three wants to have a language of it's own), but the
dialectal frontiers naturally do not alwais correspond with political ones,
thus we speak about normalised languages of literature and
Media. Altogether Afghanistan during it's stormy history had no time to
establish any Buehnesprache, a common normal language. Thus, I'll discuss, first
of all, normalised F(arsi) and T(ajiki), not taking into consideration
The differences of three languages is much
less, than of e.g. dialects of German. The natives of Tehran, Kabul
and Dushanbe can understand each other with no difficulty. But it
is sometimes impossible to find any difference in texts, written in F(arsi)
or D(ari) (only in rare grammatical forms and loaned vocabulary: F mashin /
D motar etc). But from the speech of a person you learn for sure, from
where he is.
The main variation lies in phonetics, esp.
The C(lassical) P, like Middle P, had
the 8 unit vowel-system, while both F and T have 6 vowels each, but with
different history. The scheme of their development can be drawn in this way (V:
-- long vowel, V`` -- palatalised, V~ back vowel):
F a`` a~ e
a: i i:
e: u u: o:
o i e
None of the extinct normalised variants of P
can be considered to be it's chief and only son. This is why I prefer to see 4
different variations of MP: F, D, T and CP (a dead one). The fifth dialect I've
mentioned above will be MP, spoken in Pakistan and India. There is not a big
group of native Pers., living there, but yet it is a literary language
for a greatest number of muslims there (a position, similar to that of
English in India). Indian Persian preserves many archaic features,
unfamiliar to F, D or T.
PS. About xv: this sound (or cluster) is
known to Middle Persian and early CP, but perished in all the 3-4 new
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Wednesday, July 17, 2002 1:55
Subject: [tied] Dari/Farsi question
I know that Dari and
Farsi are both versions of Modern Persian -- how similar are they? Is it like
the difference between say, American and Australian English, where a few terms
might (OK, more than a few terms) might be confusing but the basics are the
same or is it more like the relationship between, say French and Spanish?
BTW -- I really love lurking on this list. The discussions are
fascinating, even though I can rarely add to them.
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