[tied] Re: Apollo

From: cas111jd@...
Message: 9595
Date: 2001-09-19

Apulliunas of Wilusa would have been a Thracian god, just like the
Trojans were Thracians. The "Lycian Apollo" of classical times was
not necessarily named anything like "Apollo" anymore than the
Ephesian Artemis and gods and goddesses throughout the Hellenic world
that the Greeks routinely identified with their own.

Additionally, his association with the Hyperboreans also suggests a
nothern origin. Legend had it that every year the Hyperboreans sent
amber to his temple on Delos. Perhaps related to the northern origin
of Apollo was the Dacian town of Apulum.

Amber of course was an ancient commodity. We should suspect that the
amber sent to Delos came from Prussia, where most scholars locate the
Aesti whom they are wont to identify as Baltics.

However, I believe that most of Poland was populated by Celtic tribes
in ancient times and that the Aesti was a confederation of Celtic or
Celtic-dominated peoples.

In 279 BC Celtic warriors plundered Greece all the way to Delphi.
Unfortunately, the Greeks did not enumerate the names of the Celtic
tribes. Their leader was Brennos. Interestingly, Strabo (IV, 1) wrote
that Brennos was from a tribe called the Prausians. This name, I
think, recalls the medieval Prussians.

IMO, the Prausians were part of the Aesti confederation, which was
too distant from the later Roman perview to be identified by Ptolemy,
etc. I think that, like the other Celtic tribes of the northern
European plain and Czech Rep. and Slovakia, they were Germanicized,
Slavicized, and Balticized, with Apollo remembered only in Roman Gaul
as Belinus and several other cognates, but also assimilated by the
Romans as Apollo Vindonus, etc.

--- In cybalist@..., "Joseph S Crary" <pva@...> wrote:
> I was thinking liuna could be associated with the Luwian, luha,
> IE leuk, a light. However, to follow out a possible Pelasgian
> connection, as before appa is Tyrhenian for father, and liuna-s is
> similar to the latin, luna or the gen. Lunai; moon. Luna is also
> the IE leuk. However, in Italy there as a Tyrrhenian goddess,
> Lusna/Losna, in latin Lûna, patron or the Etruscan city of Lusna-
> Lûna, today called Luni.
> This is the strange, as Lusna/Losna was also known as Uni, and in
> differing aspects Tana and Leukothea. Tana was used for the full
> and Leuk-othea, literally means the power or rays of the moon.
> Clearly Leuk-othea includes the root leuk, the luwian luha, and
> luna. Could luina be a Tyrrhenian masculine form of Lusna. Or could
> lûna, luha, and leuk be derived from a Pelasgian/Tyrrhenian loan
> word (similar to luina)?
> Silenus also appears similar to the root of the Hellenic, selên-e,
> lunar and selên-itês, selen (moon) ites (lithos) moon-stone.
> JS Crary