Re: [tied] Danubian homeland?

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 9275
Date: 2001-09-09

Typical Linear pottery dwellings were long rectangular houses; the roof was supported by rows of vertical posts, and the wall construction consisted of upright timbers. Some of those houses were _really_ long, including what were probably the longest houses on earth at that time (ca. 5000 BC). They are called "longhouses" by the archaeologists who study them:
"A Linear Pottery settlement consisted of 1 longhouse to over 10 at a single time period (Lüning 1982, 1982a). The houses are constructed similarly ... throughout Central Europe (Coudart 1989). The length of the longhouses varied from 7 to 45 meters. Studies of charcoal samples from Olszanica in Poland (Milisauskas 1986), Bylany in the Czech Republic (Soudský and Pavlu 1972) and Langweiler 8 in Germany (Castelletti 1988) indicate that the longhouses were built of oak. However, Bakels (1978) noted that oak charcoal disintegrates slowly; thus oak may only appear as the most common wood utilised for construction as a result of its better preservation qualities."
(Kruk & Milisauskas, _The Rise and Fall of Neolithic Societies_, Kraków 1999)
----- Original Message -----
From: Joseph S Crary
Sent: Sunday, September 09, 2001 9:32 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Danubian homeland?

What evidence is there of true longhouse construction in northern Europe before the transition between the end of the MBA and LBA? As far as I know true longhouse architectural design, with double or triple interior partition, is a hallmark of the LBA Urnfield Culture. This architectural type and the dramatic expansion of the components that constituted the Urnfield Culture may have more to do with diary cattle than livestock in general.