Internal reconstruction and PIE

From: Glen Gordon
Message: 8580
Date: 2001-08-17

>--- In cybalist@..., "Glen Gordon" <glengordon01@...> wrote:
> > *k:Wel "three"
> > OIE *k:Wel-ei (MIE *k:Wel�i-es > IE *tr�ies)
> > (*-ei = [plural])
> > ELem *k:i (Etr /ci/)
> >
>I couldn't find the rules that apply in this example on MIE > IE on
>your home page. Would you explain?

I updated that page in part. There should be something there...
Oh well. The numerals don't follow these rules as perfectly as
I'd like them to because numerals, since they are part of a
larger system, tend to influence each other and have a different

I'm unsure of when it happened exactly but it was probably when
consonant clusters were forming in Late MidIE due to heavy stress.
This *k:Wel�i- had just became *k:Wl�i-. Here, it might have become
*t:Wl�i- when influenced by *t:Waxe "two" (> *dwo:u) and *t:eu "one".
So then, we had the series from "one" to "four" as follows:
[*t:eu, *t:Waxe, *t:Wl�ies, *kWetWores].

However, *t:Wleies might have then been further affected by
the -tW- and -r- in *kWetWores "four". This eventually caused
the following, more familiar series [*t:eu, *t:Waxe,
*tWr�ies, *kWetWores]. The initial labial of the consonant cluster
disappeared (it's not the first time since it happened in "eight"
as well) and caused *tr�ies. BTW, *t:eu was replaced by *oinos at
a very late date with a new formation based on the pronominal
stem *ei-.

Hope that clarifies. If you see logical problems with this, let
me know.

gLeNny gEe
...wEbDeVEr gOne bEsErK!

email: glengordon01@...


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