Re: [tied] Re: Satem shift

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 8291
Date: 2001-08-03

Minor complications (such as palatalised variants) apart, we have the following:
PIE         *k/*kW    *k^       *s
Sanskrit     k         s'        s (s. in the "ruki" environment) 
Avestan      k         s         h (s before -n- or next to a stop, s^ by "ruki")
Lithuanian   k         s^        s (s^ in the "ruki" environment)
Albanian     k         th        gj-,-h- (and other odd reflexes)
Armenian     kh-,-y-   s         h,-kh (s before stops)
OCSl         k         s         s (x or s^ in the "ruki" environment)
As you can see, in most branches there is a clear difference between an "original *k", "original *k^" and "original *s". Even in Slavic, where PIE *k^ and *s usually merged as Slavic *s, the merger did not take place in the "ruki" environment (after *i, *u, *r or a dorsal stop), where PIE *s changes to Slavic *x before back vowels and *s^ before front vowels, while PIE *k^ is reflected as Slavic *s.
----- Original Message -----
From: tgpedersen@...
Sent: Friday, August 03, 2001 1:09 PM
Subject: [tied] Re: Satem shift

In what way does a satem branch language show an "original k" (outside of the etymological dictionaries, of course) and how would I tell the difference from an "original *s"?