Re: [tied] Old Bulgarian izU

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 8188
Date: 2001-07-31

The Old Church Slavic (Old Bulgarian) front vowels were i, I (a brief lax vowel), e, e^ (a rather open vowel, as in English "cat") and e~ (a nasal vowel, as in French "pain"). They could all be preceded by an automatically inserted palatal glide in word-initial position or in hiatus (i.e., after another vowel), hence such spelling variants as
je^-/e^-/ja- (in OCS etymological ja- < *ja:- fell together with e^- < *ai-, *oi-, *e:-)
Additionally, initial *I- and *jI- (< *jU- < ju-) fell together with *i- (from pre-Slavic *ei-, *i:-) as OCS i- [(j)i-]
The preposition <iz> (<izU> is a secondary isolation form) and the etymologically identical prefix <iz-> cannot have developed out of *(j)ez-. Initial <i-> may regularly continue older *i:-, *ei-, *i-, *ju-, *ju:- and sometimes even *oi-, but not *e- or *je-. Comparison with other Slavic languages and with such Baltic forms as Lith. i`s^ (is^-) and OPr. is (is-) points to *i- as the actual pre-Slavic source of the vowel. The preposition does resemble the IE adverb *ek^s 'out, outside' (possibly = underlying /eg^Hs/) as reconstructed for Greek, Italic and Celtic, and given the identity of meaning a connection is likely, but the Balto-Slavic vowel is difficult to explain.

----- Original Message -----
From: Patrick C. Ryan
To: LIST-Cybalist
Sent: Monday, July 30, 2001 10:14 PM
Subject: [tied] Old Bulgarian izU

I know there are some very knowledgeable Slavicists on the list, and I would like to ask a question which I do not intend to discuss but to which I merely would be interested in having an informed opinion.

In Old Bulgarian, we have e and e:.

Were these vowels preceded by a y-glide in Old Bulgarian as the modern Russian equivalent e is (=[ye])?

Is it possible that in izU, 'out of', an earlier Slavic form might have been [yezU]?

Thanks for your help.