Re: [tied] Re: PIE for "eel"

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 7831
Date: 2001-07-09

They look like local names borrowed into Sanskrit. I wonder if khadira (> khair) 'cutch, Acacia catechu' isn't derived from the root {khad} 'be hard', as its wood is indeed very hard and durable.
----- Original Message -----
From: S.Kalyanaraman
Sent: Monday, July 09, 2001 8:06 PM
Subject: [tied] Re: PIE for "eel"

Talking of birch, there are three woods mentioned in the R.gveda in
specific contexts of parts of ratha:

s'almali, sim.s'apa and perhaps also arat.u and khadira used to make
ratha (chariot?) wheels and axles.

Can these be explained with cognates from IE?

Some correspondences from Indian languages:

sal = shorea robusta (Santali.lex.)
sisu = dalbergia (Santali.lex.) made of the Arat.u tree; name of a man (R.gveda. viii.46.27);
arad.u, arat.u the tree colosanthes indica (Atharva Veda. xx.131.15)(
khayar = acacia catechu (Santali.lex.)