Re: [tied] Sarasvati River

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 7432
Date: 2001-05-31

The Indo-Iranian suffixes -ma(n)t- and -va(n)t- have the same primary function. They form adjectives meaning "having/possessing ..." or "abounding in ...". In fact, they are variants of the same morpheme. The choice depends on dissimilatory requirements: as a rule, the variant -ma(n)t- is used with bases ending in -u-, -au- and -us-, e.g. Skt. pas'u-mant-, Iranian fs^u-mant- 'having livestock, herdsman'. Sarasvati (= saras-vat-i: < virtual *seles-wnt-i:) therefore means "marshy, forming many ponds" or the like.
----- Original Message -----
From: S.Kalyanaraman
Sent: Thursday, May 31, 2001 6:40 AM
Subject: Re: [tied] Sarasvati River

Can it not be -ma(n)t > -va(n)t? Lake-like?

--- In cybalist@......, "Piotr Gasiorowski" <gpiotr@......> wrote:
> We've discussed it before. The suffix -va(n)t- (feminine -vati: <
*-wnt-ih2) means "rich in, having a lot of". The most likely base
seems to be the PIE s-neuter *sel-os/*sel-es- 'marshy lake, pond,
pool'. I also considered *ser-es- 'flow, current' as a possibility,
but the former name apparently describes the historical Sarasvati much
better and I agree it's preferable as an analysis.
> Piotr
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: MCLSSAA2@...
> To: cybalist@...
> Sent: Wednesday, May 30, 2001 5:29 PM
> Subject: [tied] Sarasvati River
> What does "Sarasvati" mean if treated as a Sanksrit word?