Subject: Re: [phoNet] Assimilation of
[ʦ], as in tsar, rats lacks a corresponding IPA diagraph.
The voiced counterpart of [ʦ] is of course [ʣ]! These are IPA symbols for
them. Even UniPad has both, though for practical reasons it doesn't provide
ready-made symbols for all possible affricates: to transcribe retroflex [tʂ,
dʐ], or lateral [tɬ, dɮ], you have to combine two characters. In most English
realisations, [ts] is not close-knit enough to be a genuine affricate (like
German z or Polish c); it's phonetically a
stop + fricative cluster. However, in many British accents (such as
Cockney) fortis /t/ is affricated rather than aspirated, and becomes a genuine
(apical, alveolar) [ʦ], e.g. time ['ʦɒɪm].