Re: Basque mendi 'mountain'

From: Rick McCallister
Message: 69081
Date: 2012-03-28

From: Brian M. Scott <bm.brian@...>
To: Tavi <>
Sent: Tuesday, March 27, 2012 9:38 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Re: Basque mendi 'mountain'

At 6:36:15 AM on Tuesday, March 27, 2012, Tavi wrote:

> This is an old substrate root *pant-/*pent- also found in
> toponymy as *pend-/*penn- (e.g. Pennines, Apennines),

The British Pennines only got their name around 1747, from
Charles Julius Bertram, the compiler of the forgery _De Situ
Britanniae_ attributed to Richard of Cirencester. The Alpes
Pennines in Switzerland, on the other hand, really do derive
from Celtic *penno- 'a mountain summit; a head; a hill; an
end', PCelt. *kWendo- 'head' (cf. OIr <cenn> 'head').

> as well as in Celtic *bendo- 'peak, top'

PCelt. *benno- 'peak, top', actually, from PIE *bend-.
Clearly unrelated to the 'head' word.
Trask though Celtic *bendo- was a possible source of Basque mendi, etc. I don't know that he fully embraced it, though. AFAI recall, Trask linked Centic bendo- to an IE word for drop, related also to Gaelic bainne "milk" and bainneclabair "bonnyclabber."

> and Germanic *pint-/*pinn- 'point'.

This, however, assuming that you're thinking of the <pintel>
family, does seem go with with *benno-, though not with