W dniu 2012-03-09 14:08, Tavi pisze:
> In short, I think the current PIE model is an over-simplification of
All science simplifies reality to some extent, but there is a world of
difference between simplification and misrepresentation.
> collapsing several diachronic and diatopic linguistic
If what you are trying to say is that PIE was in fact a heterogeneous
sprachbund, such claims have been made before, discussed and refuted.
> It's inadequate to explain the deep linguistic prehistory
> (Mesolithic and beyond) and the relationships between IE and other
One cannot reconstruct ad infinitum. We can reconstruct PIE on
comparative grounds and we can (more speculatively) say something about
pre-PIE thanks to internal reconstruction. IE studies have no ambition
to reach a Mesolithic chronology (let alone going beyond it). If one day
someone manages to convince the world that there is a closer
relationship between IE and some other families, e.g. Uralic or
Eskimo-Aleut, further progress may be possible. But the comparative
method is applicable only as long as there is enough inherited stuff to
compare. While it has been estimated that *some* very common lexical
items may have expected "half-lives" of ten thousand years or more,
usable evidence sooner or later evaporates due to lexical replacement,
cross-linguistic diffusion, etc. I doubt if wild schemes like
Vasco-Caucasian, Dené–Caucasian etc. will ever be testable.