Re: boar

From: Piotr Gasiorowski
Message: 68841
Date: 2012-03-09

W dniu 2012-03-09 00:17, Rick McCallister pisze:

> *Boris, according to name etymologies and my friends who speak Slavic
> languages (some of whom are Bóris (Serbian) and others who are Borís
> (Russian), just means "fierce", which seems to be a Latin-based cognate.
> Pyotr, am I right on this? You would know more than anyone else.*

The origin of <Boris> is disputed. There are a number of Slavic personal
names with the element *bori- (from the verb *bor-ti 'overpower, fight')
or the corresponding deverbal noun *borU 'fight'. For example, in Old
Polish one finds <Borzygniew> (*bori-gne^vU), <Borzywoj> (*bori-vojI)
and some 50 names with the deuterotheme <-bor> (e.g. Czcibor <
*c^Isti-borU). <Boris> is thought by some to represent a truncation of
<Borislav> (*bori-slavU), but as there are no other hypocoristic
formations of such a type, the name is probably foreign. Its first
recorded bearer was Prince Boris (or Bogoris) I of Bulgaria in the 9th
c., so a Turkic (Bulgar) origin is possible (but the details are far
from clear).

Slavic *bor- is related to Lith. bárti 'scold' (OLith. 1sg. barmi),
Germanic *Bar-i:/ja- (< *bHor-eje/o-), as in ON berjask 'fight', and
probably to Lat. ferio:. The root is reconstructed as *bHerh-, with an
unidentified laryngeal. It's one of those intriguing *o/e presents
discussed by Jasanoff (2003) as evidence for his revised PIE verb system.