Res: [tied] Re: Brahman... akin to Flamen or to Bragi... or both
From: Joao S. Lopes
Could come flamen and older *fra:men, through influence of flamma?
De: Francesco Brighenti <frabrig@...>
Enviadas: Quinta-feira, 15 de Abril de 2010 5:03:56
Assunto: [tied] Re: Brahman... akin to Flamen or to Bragi... or both
--- In cybalist@... s.com, "Joao S. Lopes" <josimo70@.. .> wrote:
> Sanskrit Brahman is usually linked to Latin Fla:men < *bHlh2g^H-
> but... also to ON Bragi < *bHregH-
> Which is more plausible? Could Skt. Brahman be a mix of the two roots?
The Indo-Aryan etymological dictionary by M. Mayrhofer (1986-2000, vol. II, p. 236-8) derives bráhman 'formulation (of truth) [in poetry]', from Indo-Iranian *bhrajh-man < IndoEuropean *bhreg^h-men; cf. the (rare) Old Persian term brazman '(appropriate) ritual form, style', Middle Persian brahm 'form, appearance, style', Nuristani (Ashkun) blamade 'a god' ( from *brahma-deva? ), Old Norse bragr 'poetical art', Proto-Celtic *brixto- (or *brixtu-) 'magical formula, incantation' (thus reconstructed by R. Matasovic), etc.
From bráhman -- which would, thus, originally have meant 'formula, formulation; proper, appropriate form', the the agent noun brahmán 'speaker of the [ritual] formula, poet, performer of sacrifices' would have derived.
Mayrhofer argues against connection with Latin flamen.