Re: *ka/unt- etc, new conquests, a whole bundle of them

From: Torsten
Message: 65257
Date: 2009-10-15

> I think that *hanDu- is very unlikely to be a borrowing, and we
> should be looking for an inherited IE explanation. We now have
> several to examine in more detail, and hopefully eliminate all but
> one.

Why haven't I posted this one before?

'käte 'Hand' FU
Finn. käsi (Gen. käden) 'Hand';
est. käsi (Gen. käe) |

N giettâ -đ-,
L kiehta 'id.; Arm',
K (153) T Kld. ki:tt,
Not. kieht,
A kit 'Hand' |

mord. E ked´, M käd´ |

tscher. KB U B kit |

wotj. S, (Wichm.) G ki |

syrj. S ki, t´i, P PO ki |

ostj. (OL 162,163)
V köt, DN ket 'Hand',
Kaz. katəл 'die vordere Tatze des Bären' |

wog. (WV 3) TJ kä:t, KU köt, P So. kāt 'Hand; Vorderfuß' |

ung. kéz (Akk. kezet) 'Hand'.'

but this one I have

'kattV- 'push, go (forwards)' U

Sarapul kut- 'grab; hold, observe, fulfill; master, rule; begin',
Glazov kutî.- 'grab, take' |

Sysola Permian kut-
'hold; stop, detain; grasp, grab, catch (Sysola Permian);
possess, control; begin (Sysola),
Eastern Permian kut- 'grasp, grab; begin' ||

Khanty (363)
Vach kat- 'sneak up on',
Upper Demjanka (informant Narygin) xatt&- 'move, push (forwards)',
Obdorsk xat- 'go elsewhere, move (forwards, backwards, sideways)' |

Hungarian hat- 'effect; push;
(Old Hungarian) be able to;
(Old Hungarian) penetrate into,
(Old Hungarian) possess',
-hat-, -het- 'be capable of; be permitted to',
hatalom 'power, force' ||

Selkup (...) Tas qati- 'detIsja, devatIsja; get somewhere'.'

Now according to T. Pedersen's rule, voiced stops sport prenasals when pretonic, this might spread to other stops too ...

*kaN-t- > *kátt-/*kantV´-