>Are you saying that the Hausa had no agriculture?
> > > > Compare
> > > > PIE *seH1- "seed, sow"
> > > > Tchadic HAusa : shu:kâ "seed" < *soH1-ka
> > > Proto-root *s_H1 "to sow, to disperse".
> > Data :
> > PIE : *s_h1-
> > Hausa : sh_H-k
> > Vocalic scheme in Hausa : like : tomâ
> > as in ruwa "water" < *r_w "to flow".
> I can't see that it follows that they are not later
> loans, as you claim.
> I see what you mean :
> This root is a Vasconico-atlasian substrate word.
> It was borrowed by PIE and a Touareg Non Governmental Org brought
> it to Hausa on Camel backs kindly provided by M. Kuhn Foundation.