Re: Res: [tied] Etymology of Rome - h1rh1-em-/h1rh1-o:m-

From: Sean Whalen
Message: 47819
Date: 2007-03-14

--- Piotr Gasiorowski <gpiotr@...> wrote:

> On 2007-03-13 20:21, alexandru_mg3 wrote:
> > Hu:ma:nus (with a long-vowel) <
> *dHg^H-o:m-h3n-? versus
> It won't work, given the regular changes in Latin.
> > Homo: < *dHg^H-m-mo-,
> > Humus < *dHg^H-om-o- ...
> In my opinion, homo (older hemo) < *(D)g^Hm.-h3o:n
> (the 'earth' word
> plus the Hoffmann element). The initial dental (*dH
> or *d) was regularly
> lost in the zero grade, even if the nasal was
> syllabic.

That evidence is partially why I reconstruct PIE
*ghdó:m > Pre-Latin *hu:m, etc. For example, in Greek
and Tocharian I'd say d>0 between a stop and syllabic
nasal (after other changes had taken place) before the
different kinds of metathesis the two languages go

Also, It seems that a dental was deleted before any
other stop word-initially already in PIE:

dhègWh+ ... dhègWh+èr.+ '(be) hot', 'make hot'
dhègWh+ ... dhegWhèr.+
dhègWh+ ... dhgWhèr.+
dhègWh+ ... gWhèr.+

dekYemt ... dekYemt+óm 'ten', 'hundred'
dekYemt ... dekYemtóm
dekYemt ... dkYemtóm
dekYemt ... tkYemtóm
dekYemt ... kYemtóm
dekYm,t ... kYm,tóm

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