Re: [tied] Slavic *sUto -> is NOT INHERIT

From: Miguel Carrasquer Vidal
Message: 47501
Date: 2007-02-16

On Thu, 15 Feb 2007 18:09:47 -0800 (PST), Sean Whalen
<stlatos@...> wrote:

>--- stlatos <stlatos@...> wrote:
>> I've found more evidence in the treatment of soN-
>> / sU-. Before a
>> vowel or KW in the next syllable *sum- > *suw- >
>> sU-.
>> *xnY,gYh+ > sUvENzati
>> *gWhub+ > sUgUnoNti
> Of course, this seems to leave open the question of
>why PIE *sm- 'one, together' vs *dwi- 'two, apart' (in
>a more traditional reconstruction) would > *sum- in
>Slavic to begin [with] following the rules I gave.

The question is rather why the preverb / preposition (which
is _always_ sU- before a consonant, no matter what's in the
next syllable, and sUn- before a vowel) differs from the
reflex soN- in compound nouns such as soNsêdU "neighbour".
The answer is that where the prefix is separable, when it is
used as a preverb or preposition, *k^om and *som develop
according to the Auslaut rules, giving *suN > sU. In fixed
compounds, *k^om-/*som- develop as in the Inlaut, giving
soN-. Besides from *k^om "with" and *som "one, together",
Slavic sU- can also reflect *(h1)su "well, good" (e.g.
sU-dorvU *"good-wood" > "healthy"). In that case, we always
have sU-, of course.

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal