Re: [tied] Timing of ablaut

From: Miguel Carrasquer
Message: 25995
Date: 2003-09-24

On Tue, 23 Sep 2003 23:02:35 +0000, elmeras2000 <jer@...> wrote:

>--- In, Miguel Carrasquer <mcv@...> wrote:
>If stéar (stéa:r) is Proto-Greek /stá:(j)ar/ or /sté:(j)ar/ (thus
>Frisk), then it does not show anything about the quality of the
>laryngeal: IE *stá:yH3-r or *sté:yH3-r would be expected to produce
>this result. The lengthened grade would be as in *yé:kW-r 'liver'.

I was thinking of *steh2yr. > *sta:yar, which explains the length and the
a-quality in a straightforward way. Apart from Greek stéar, there is no
other indication about the nature of the laryngeal in this word. All
things considered, I'd say Skt. stya:yate: "gerinnt, wird hart" is more
likely to be an *a:y-formation (denominative from *stih2ah2 "etwas
dichtes") than a causative. The connection with *steh2-, as suggested in
EIEC, seems appropriate for the semantics of the cognate group.

>The root 'to swell' is posited as *tewH2- in LIV, albeit on quite
>slender basis (sáos 'safe' < *twawo- < *tuH2-ewo- as per Peters).

If it's the etymon of so:ma, it must be *tewh3-. I would consider that
stronger evidence than sáos.

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal