From: Piotr Gasiorowski
----- Original Message -----
From: "Abdullah Konushevci" <a_konushevci@...>
Sent: Sunday, April 13, 2003 7:54 AM
Subject: [tied] Re: albanian prefix "stër-"
> 1. -es may be derived from PIE contracted form o:kw- with compensatory lengthening of first vowel, so we have easily Alb. -es...
Far from being a counterexample, this word beautifully confirms what has been said before. <-es> is a denominal verb. Such verbs had the PIE suffix *-je-, e.g. *wog^He-je-ti 'he carries (sth) in a vehicle', *h3okW-je-ti 'he eyes (sth)'. The suffix, although eventually lost in Albanian, is responsible for the palatalisation of *kW (and for the umlaut of *a < *o!). The development was as follows:
*h3okWje- > *ac^i- > *äc^- > es
Similarly in causative vebs with *-eje-:
*dHogWH-ejo: 'I light (sth)' > *dadz^i- > dhez, n-dez
Compare *dHegWHo: 'burn' > djeg (no *-eje- suffix, no palatalisation).
Sorry, Abdullah, but you can't deduce the PIE forms by contemplating their Albanian reflexes alone. You have to be aware of the general IE background.