--- In cybalist@..., "tgpedersen" <tgpedersen@...> wrote:
> Falk & Torp continue:
> IE root *veg^- in Greek hugrós "humid, fluid", Lat. uvidus "humid,
> wet", Old Irish fúal "urine" (from *voglo-). Extended root *vegs,
> *ugs: see ox.
> I assumed /g^/, not /g'/, on no grounds whatsover; Falk & Torp
> no satem cognates.
Latin u:vidus certainly doesn't derive from *weg^-. If it belongs
together with Gk. hygros and ON vökr 'wet' at all, this 'wet' root
must be reconstructed as *wegW-. Some authors would adduce Lat. (h)
u:mor, (h)u:midus < *ugW-sm-... .
As for the rest, the American Heritage separates *weg^- 'be
strong/lively' (vigil, velocity, vegetable, watch, wake, witch, vajra
[satem!] ...) from *h2aug^-/*h2weg^- 'increase' (eke, augment,
auxiliary, to wax, ...), and the EIEC does the same; however, a
connection seems likely to me.
The 'ox, bull' word is either *ukWs-en- or *uks-en-; in either case
the *k(W) might result from the devoicing of *g(W). *k^ (or *g^) is
ruled out by Iranian evidence (Av. uxs^an-, not *us^an-).
*g^ and *g' are alternative notations for the same phoneme, aren't