Re: [tied] Rigvedic horses

From: João S. Lopes Filho
Message: 9770
Date: 2001-09-25

There is burdubast-, I dont remember if Osco-Umbrian or Celtic *gWordobho-

And *mug^Hslo- for "mule" ? cf. Latin mullus, Gr mykhlos
----- Original Message -----
From: S.Kalyanaraman <kalyan97@...>
To: <>
Sent: Monday, September 24, 2001 12:41 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Rigvedic horses

> --- In cybalist@..., "Piotr Gasiorowski" <gpiotr@...> wrote:> The
> only other equid that <as'va-> could conceivably stand for, is _Equus
> hemionus_. Unfortunately, a typical hemione has 36 ribs, just like a
> typical horse. The prehistoric range of onagers extended from Ukraine
> to South Asia. However, <as'va-> derives from PIE *(h1)ek^wos, a word
> which stands for domestic horses (and presumably stood for their wild
> ancestors, such as steppe and forest tarpans) in all the branches of
> IE in which it survives (including Indo-Aryan, of course, but also
> Iranian, Baltic, Germanic, Celtic, Italic and Greek). It is not
> applied to onagers, kulans, asses, etc. -- not even to mules and
> hinnies, and not even among those IEs who must been been familiar
> with other equids. Douglas Q. Adams tentatively reconstructs an
> IE "ass ~ onager" word based on Skt. gardabHa- and Tocharian B
> kercapo- (if real, it might also refer to the now extinct European
> wild ass _E. hydruntinus_).
> I do not find any rational basis to assume that r.s.i-s of the
> R.gveda were aware of the differentiation between species and genus.
> We have to go by the texts as they are and reach cosmic conclusions
> or mundane conclusions about migrations.
> How is as'vatara explained?
> m. (Pa1n2. 5-3 , 91) a mule AV. iv , 4 , 8 S3Br. &c. ; (compar. of %
> {azva}) a better horse Pat. ; a male calf. L. ; one of the chiefs of
> the Na1gas MBh. Hariv. &c. ; N. of a Gandharva L. ; (%{A}) f. a
> better mare Pat. ; (%{I4}) f. a she-mule AV. viii , 8 , 22 MBh. &c.
> Is there another name attested for a mule in Vedic or Sanskrit?
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