Re: [tied] Catching up again...
From: Piotr Gasiorowski
I assume you really propose *h3 >
Pre-Germanic *g > Germanic *k. All the forms you quote are
(1) *daHiw(e)r- > *daiHwr-
requires an ad hoc metathesis.
(2) The Gothic word for "quick/alive"
is qius, and the other Germanic forms (OE cwicu, etc.), even if they are not NW
Germanic innovations, may be explained in less exotic ways, e.g. as reflecting a
reduplicated deverbal adjective (root clipping is a frequent feature
of such formations).
(3) "You two" is evidently analogical
(influenced by "us two", hence the nasal), and "us two" doesn't match attested
forms in other branches well enough for the reconstruction *nh3- as the ancestor
of *unk- to be valid. BTW, how would you explain the OCS Nom.du. vE 'we
two' < *we:?
Since you do not specify the environment in
which this particular form of Verschärfung applies, I don't know what your
"etc." is supposed to mean. The change is apparently sporadic, and if so, any
other sporadic fortition could be proposed instead, e.g. *w > *g
(strengthening of the velar component), so that *daiwer- > *daiger- (as in
Arm. taygr) > OE ta:cor. Same problems, of course, but fewer ad hoc
assumptions (no metathesis).
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Tuesday, November 14, 2000 8:01 PM
Subject: Re: [tied] Catching up again...
Another piece of evidence: Gothic du. oblique pronouns
two", <igqis> "you two", with Germanic *k < *Hw as
(*gwih3wos), *taikur "wife's brother" (*daHiwr ~ *daiHwr-),